From IWTC Women's GlobalNet #245, 23 February, 2004
At its forty-eighth session, 1-12 March, 2004, the UN Commission on the
Status of Women (CSW), will review the thematic issue of "women's equal
participation in conflict prevention, management and conflict resolution
and in post-conflict peace-building". The UN Division for the Advancement of Women organized, in collaboration with the Office of the Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women and the Department of Political Affairs, an Expert Group Meeting (EGM) on "Peace agreements as a means for promoting gender equality and ensuring participation of women —A framework of model provisions," in Ottawa, Canada from 10 -13 November 2003. A major background document was Security Council resolution 1325: Women, Peace and Security.
Because of the length of the report, we will be presenting a summary in
two parts. Part one includes recommendations relating to the role of:
- the mediator brought in to mediate conflicts
- parties to the conflict
- funding entities and
- regional and international organizations.
Part two will focus on the obligations of content of peace agreements with regard to security — legal, political and physical security.
Summary of recommendations adopted by the EGM (part one)
The mediator: In order to successfully implement her/his mandate, the
mediator will acquire and use:
- Data on the gender composition of the various fighting forces at the table, especially at the leadership level.
- Historical background, mapping of the conflict incorporating gender-specific data and information, and oral and written briefings on the experiences of women in the conflict.
- Identification of existing civil society groups and networks, including regional networks, from a cross-section of society.
- Information kit with all international and relevant regional legal instruments pertaining to the promotion of gender equality and women's participation
Parties to the conflict: Parties to the conflict are likewise expected to take specific action in support of gender equality and the participation of women, and must:
- Participate in a training/briefing on how to integrate the obligations of 1325.
- Ensure gender balance in the composition of their delegations.
Funding entities: Can contribute by:
- Ensuring funding for the high-level gender adviser to the mediator and allocate resources for the adviser's activities.
- Supporting corrective actions that the mediation team and/or other stakeholders in the negotiations may take to ensure integration of a gender perspective and strengthen women's participation.
- Making the inclusion of initiatives aimed at promoting gender equality and women's participation a prerequisite for project funding.
- Creating an appropriate mechanism to ensure accountability of funding recipients for the implementation of the gender-specific elements of projects.
- Giving equal priority to projects aimed at empowering women's civil society organizations in conflict situations to prepare themselves for effective participation in peace negotiations through a national consultative process, the creation of national level networks, capacity building and other preparatory steps. To this end, create and sustain a dedicated Fund.
Regional and international organizations: Should take the following
- Support women's associations in their efforts to organize themselves so as to ensure their effective participation in peace negotiations.
- Participate in a training/ briefing on how to integrate the obligations of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) in formal and informal mediation processes.
- Support the mediator in the effective performance of the tasks assigned to her/him under section 1 above.
- Take corrective action to include promotion of gender equality and
women's participation in all stages of negotiation processes, both
formal and informal, already underway, in compliance with the present
- Set an example of excellence in regard to the gender-balanced composition of their staff.
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